Friday, December 1, 2023

‘Hamilton’ heightens interest in King George III

A letter from King George III to his son Prince William. Photo courtesy of Royal Archives/Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II. (WYDaily/Courtesy of William & Mary)
A letter from King George III to his son Prince William. Photo courtesy of Royal Archives/Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II. (WYDaily/Courtesy of William & Mary)

Since its debut in 2015, the hit Broadway play “Hamilton” has increased interest in founding father Alexander Hamilton and his adversary, King George III.

Although the king is presented as a funny, foppish British monarch in the award-winning play, he is best known to the world as the “mad” king who lost the American Revolution. Over the years, there hasn’t been much evidence to challenge this depiction, until the launch of the Georgian Papers Programme, a 10-year project to make available online the historic manuscripts relating to the Georgian monarchy.

This month marks five years since England’s Royal Archives opened its collections from the Georgian monarchy to the public. By providing online access to these materials, scholars and historians around the globe are making new discoveries about the Georgian kings, and specifically about King George III.

The GPP is an international partnership between William & Mary, the Omohundro Institute of Early American History and Culture, the Royal Archives and King’s College London. The partnership is working together to create an open, discoverable online archive of 425,000 digitized items.

While digitization is taking place at Windsor Castle, librarians and student assistants from William & Mary are working to transcribe materials in the digital lab at Swem Library.

“In addition to traditional transcription, we are using a handwritten text recognition tool, called Transkribus, that eliminates having to manually transcribe each of the documents,” said Debbie Cornell, head of digital services at W&M. “Although incredibly useful, it does have limitations, so traditional transcription is still necessary.”

Faced with nearly a half million pages of text to be transcribed, W&M Libraries is turning to the community for help. This month, W&M Libraries launched a crowd-sourcing transcription site,, open to the public.

“We are appealing to the citizen historians in our community to help us with this project,” said Dean of University Libraries Carrie Cooper. “It’s a unique opportunity to contribute to our understanding of American and British history.”

The site will allow volunteers to directly contribute to the programme by transcribing and reviewing Georgian documents.

“Online transcription offers a unique way for the public to be involved with the project’s historical materials and contribute to the goals of the programme,” said Cornell.

The Georgian Papers include essays and personal letters written by King George, letters written by his Queen consort Charlotte, financial records, banquet menus, military documents and more. The most recent materials to be added to the transcription site are three George III medical collections, which include detailed records of the king’s health and daily letters written by his physicians to his son, the Prince Regent.

“The project is changing the way we view King George III, the same way ‘Hamilton’ is presenting a different version of the king,” said Cornell. “It’s opening up new knowledge about the Georgian period.”

John Mangalonzo
John Mangalonzo
John Mangalonzo ( is the managing editor of Local Voice Media’s Virginia papers – WYDaily (Williamsburg), Southside Daily (Virginia Beach) and HNNDaily (Hampton-Newport News). Before coming to Local Voice, John was the senior content editor of The Bellingham Herald, a McClatchy newspaper in Washington state. Previously, he served as city editor/content strategist for USA Today Network newsrooms in St. George and Cedar City, Utah. John started his professional journalism career shortly after graduating from Lyceum of The Philippines University in 1990. As a rookie reporter for a national newspaper in Manila that year, John was assigned to cover four of the most dangerous cities in Metro Manila. Later that year, John was transferred to cover the Philippine National Police and Armed Forces of the Philippines. He spent the latter part of 1990 to early 1992 embedded with troopers in the southern Philippines as they fought with communist rebels and Muslim extremists. His U.S. journalism career includes reporting and editing stints for newspapers and other media outlets in New York City, California, Texas, Iowa, Utah, Colorado and Washington state.

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